Like England, however, consultation with the diversity of the sector was important in drafting and building support for the compact, although this process worked mainly through the SCVO networks. This reflected the fact that the voluntary sector is even more highly structured in Scotland than in England. SCVO really could be considered a "peak association" and its counterpart in the volunteering subsector, Volunteer Development Scotland, was supportive of its role in the compact process. Therefore, its lead role in the compact was not contested and the breadth of the sector could be reached through its well developed, somewhat hierarchical network of local councils and organizations. Although members from the sector did not initially have high expectations of what the process would produce, the final text did yield virtually all of what they wanted. In spite of a relatively swift process of developing the compact, it took a year while the Scottish Parliament was being established for the compact to be officially endorsed, thus causing a loss in focus and momentum. As in England, supplemental codes of good practice have been produced, but in this case were developed by the Scottish Executive as guides for government departments, rather than by the sector.11
Given the hiatus in the process caused by devolution, the monitoring process is just being established. As in England, this process will centre on an annual survey and meeting of government and sector representatives leading to a joint annual report that goes first to the Voluntary Sector Forum (comprised of senior government officials and sector representatives) and then to the Social Justice Committee of the Scottish Parliament.12 The other important consideration in Scotland is that relationship building through the compact is taking place in the context of a review of two of the most important aspects of the relationship - funding practices and charity law.13 This means that policy irritants related to funding policies, the definition of charity, or governmental institutions for supervision of the sector do not need to be funnelled through the compact and its associated mechanisms. It should also be noted that advocacy is not an issue in either Scotland or England as it is in Canada. Governments in these countries expect voluntary organizations to advocate, whether or not they are registered charities, and, in general, do little to try to regulate such activity.
11. Since a form of framework agreements already existed between local authorities and the sector, there has been no need to develop these in Scotland.
12. Note that in the creation of new political institutions that are necessitated by devolution, Scotland is attempting to make greater use of parliamentary committees than has been the tradition in England.
13. The review of charity law is being conducted by an independent commission, the McFadden Commission, established by the Scottish Executive. Its focus has remarkable similarity to the issues raised by the Broadbent panel-notable, definition of charity, supervisory institutions, and regulatory reform.